1. Keep an Eye on the Fluids

Keeping the motor oil, power steering fluid, and coolant topped off is an easy way to maintain your car’s performance. Refer to your owner’s manual or Ask your mechanic to show you how to check your fluid levels and where to pour in more if needed. Fluids are the life blood of cars. Without certain fluids – expensive things happen. If you are consistently adding a fluid to your car there is a reason for it and you should discuss the situation with your trusted auto care person.

2. Owner’s Manual

Periodic references to your owner’s manual is extremely valuable. There is so much going on with our vehicles that no one can be expected to remember all of it. Crazy stuff like child seat installation or air bag safety might seem intuitive but it actually gets fairly complicated. Never be afraid to ask your auto care professional questions.

3. Watch the Warning Lights

Cars have elaborate systems of sensors and warning lights that will tell you everything from whether you forgot to replace the gas cap to the fact that one of your tires is low on air. Learn what each of your warning lights means and how to resolve it. Your owner’s manual is your friend. If any light comes on and you cannot immediately pinpoint and fix the problem, take your vehicle to a trusted mechanic right away.

4. Check the Tire Pressure

Correct tire pressure is absolutely essential for proper vehicle handling, and to minimize the risk for premature wear and even complete tire failure (blowouts). Yet tires lose air every day. Your car might have a tire pressure warning system, but it will engage only when a tire drops down to a dangerously low pressure level.To keep your tires in top shape, check the pressure once per month and add air if needed. Check your owner’s manual or look for a placard attached to the inside of the driver’s door to determine the correct pressure. Never overinflate your tires, which can be just as dangerous as under inflating them.5. Feel the Car’s Operation

Pay attention to the way your car feels when it is operating normally. Once you understand this baseline, you can begin to notice when something is wrong. When a new “feel, vibration, shudder, jerk, bump or hesitation sets in these are all signs that something has changed. Make specific note of times and conditions when the abnormal symptom occurs and carefully communicate this information to your trusted service advisor when you take it in for diagnostics.

6. Listen to Your Car

Machines do communicate audibly – they make all sorts of “Normal” sounds so when abnormal sounds begin to appear this is your car telling you to take it to your trusted car care center. Pay close attention to conditions, temperatures and times the abnormal sounds appear – your mechanic is going to ask you these questions. Accurate information is very helpful in getting to the root cause of the noises.

7. Lighting Check

Inspect exterior and interior lighting once a month. Also refer to your owners manual for a proper understanding of all lighting systems used in your car. This might seem simple and intuitive but some lighting systems only come on under certain conditions. For example Daytime Running Lamps (DRL) have become common so understanding when and how they work is important. Replace bulbs as needed of course but some are difficult and involved to replace and require a professional.

8. Do a Walk Around

Driving is serious business therefore it’s a good idea to walk around your vehicle at least once per week. In fact commercial drivers are required to do pre and post trip inspections each day.

  1. Look for body damage.
  2. Check your wiper blades to ensure that they are still in good shape.
  3. Inspect tires for abnormal wear, punctures or cuts.
  4. Test all the locks, windows, and even the sunroof (if equipped) to make sure they operate easily without sticking.(You may need a window for an exit in a wreck)

9. Keep It Clean
Taking care of cosmetic details such as washing and waxing helps to improve the life of your car’s paint, and can prevent the formation of rust.

  • There is no substitute for mechanically washing your car – hand washing. Hand washing removes the film that makes paint appear dull.
  • Wash wheels and tires.
  • Wash glass – inside and out (including mirrors).
  • Keep the interior free from debris that can obstruct your feet on the control pedals.
  • Vacuum the floors.
  • Remove leaves from vents.

In addition, the better your car looks and smells, the more money it will be worth in an eventual trade-in.

10. Find a Trusted Mechanic

It is absolutely vital to your car’s health as well as your financial health for you to form a relationship with a mechanic you trust. Working with the same mechanic throughout your car’s life lets him or her get to know your car, its full history, and its individual quirks. This can make troubleshooting easier and help your mechanic quickly hone in on just the right solution.

Car maintenance is a mystery to many vehicle owners, but getting familiar with the basics can help to ensure that your car remains in tip top shape. Never hesitate to ask for help if you have any questions or confusion.

Warning: Machinery has moving parts, hot parts, hot fluids, fluids under pressure and high voltage. Serious injury or death can occur when working on or around machinery. Do not attempt certain things without proper training. The reader assumes all liability for his/her safety.